Justice Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari (L)

Justice Pir Muhammad Karam Shah Al-Azhari (L)

Pir Muhammad Karam Shah was a famous saint of the Chishti order, a learned theologian, a commentator of the Holy Qur’an, a biographer of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him), a jurist, an educationist ,and justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. His family was hhonoredin the Punjab province due to knowledge and piety. His grandfather Pir Amir Shah known as Amir-us-Salikeen was fa amous chishti saint. His father Pir Hafiz Muhammad Shah Ghazi was also a sSufiwho took an active part in Pthe akistan Movement and in jjihadfor lthe iberation of Kashmir, he also served as a Judge at the Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan and Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.

Pir Muhammad Karam Shah was a famous saint of the Chishtia order, a learned theologian, a commentator of the Holy Qur’an, a biographer of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him), a jurist, an educationist and justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. His family was honoured in the Punjab province due to knowledge and piety. His grandfather Pir Amir Shah known as Amir-us-Salikeen was famous chishti saint. His father Pir Hafiz Muhammad Shah Ghazi was also a sufi who took an active part in Pakistan Movement and in jehad for liberation of Kashmir. He was prisoned to jail by Khizar Government of the Punjab due to his active role in civil disobedience movement against him. The forefathers of Pir Sahib include famous Suhrawardy saints like Hazrat Shaykh-ul-islam Sadr-ud-Din Arif and Hazrat Ghaus Bahauddin Zakariyya of Multan.


Pir Muhammad Karam Shah was born on Ist July 1918 A.D./Ramadan 21, 1336 A.H. in famous town Bhera (Distt. Sargodha) which was attacked by Mughal emperor Zahir-ud-Din Babur and was mentioned by him in his memoir. A beautiful mosque was built by Sher Shah Suri in this town. After study of the Holy Qur’an, he was admitted in Mohammadia Ghausia Primary School in 1925 established by his father. Later on, he got admission in Government High School Bhera and did his matriculation in 1936. He learnt Persian and Arabic grammar from Maulana Muhammad Oasim Balakoti and Maulana Abdul Hameed. He also studied lslamic learning from Maulana Muhammad Din Budhwi and Maulana Ghulam Mahmood of Piplan (Mianwali). In 1941, he got admission in Oriental College Lahore and passed examination of Fazal-e-Arabi. Here he had the honour to be the student of famous teachers of Arabic language like Shaykh Muhammad Arabi, Rasul Khan and Maulana Nur-ul-Haq. On the advice of Shaykh-ul-Islam Khawaja Qamar-ud-Din Siyalwi, he reached Muradabad (now in India) in 1942 for the study of Hadith from

Sayyed Muhammad Naeem-ud-Din Muradabadi who has written commentary “Khaza’inul- Irfan” on the Urdu translation of the Holy Oura’an “Kanzul-lman written by Maulana Shah Ahmad Raza Khan Barailwi. Though Maulana Sadr-ul-Afazal Muradabadi was busy in the struggle for Pakistan wholeheartedly but he spared time to teach hadith to Pir Muhammad Karam Shah who completed Daurah-e-Hadith in 1943 and got Dastar-e-Fazilat by Hazrat Diwan Sahib All-e-Rasul Sayyed Ajmiri. On this occasion Maulana Muradabadi said, “I am satisfied today that 1 had conveyed the trust of religious knowledge and Hadith to the most suitable person”

He passed B.A. examination from.the Punjab University in 1945 and then proceeded to Egypt for higher education in 1951 where he got admission in al Azhar University. He got M.A. Honours in Islamic Law securing 2nd position in the University. He started M.Phil in the same University. He undertook research for the thesis entitled “al-Hadud fi’l-Islam” under the supervision of Dr. Ayub Ali who belonged to East Pakistan for the degree of M.Phil but he could not submit this thesis due to the illness of his father and returned to his homeland in 1954. He had very friendly relation with his teachers like Muhammad Mustafa Shalbi, Muhammad Abu Zuhrah and Ahmad Zaki who granted him appraisal certificates on his departure.

He passed B.A. examination from.the Punjab University in 1945 and then proceeded to Egypt for higher education in 1951 where he got admission in al Azhar University. He got M.A. Honours in Islamic Law securing 2nd position in the University. He started M.Phil in the same University. He undertook research for the thesis entitled “al-Hadud fi’l-Islam” under the supervision of Dr. Ayub Ali who belonged to East Pakistan for the degree of M.Phil but he could not submit this thesis due to the illness of his father and returned to his homeland in 1954. He had very friendly relation with his teachers like Muhammad Mustafa Shalbi, Muhammad Abu Zuhrah and Ahmad Zaki who granted him appraisal certificates on his departure. Pir Sahib was disciple (murid) of Khawaja Oamar-ud-Din Siyalwi under whose guidance he completed spiritual training. He was granted Khilafat in Chishtia order by Khawaja Siyalwi and his father. He became Sajadahnashin of Darbar

Pir Amir Shah after the demise of his father in 1957. Thousands of people took oath (bayt) at his hand and repented of sinful life. He bestowed Khilafat to seven personalities including his eldest son Sababzada Amin-ul-Hasanat Shah and an Arab of Madinah Tayyabah.This great Sufi was not a traditional Pir and Sajadahnashin but a great scholar of Islam. He is the author of many books. He wrote on Qur’an, Hadith, and Sirah. He completed his first book “Sunnat Khayr-al-Anam” while he was the student of al-Azhar University. In this book, he refuted Ghulam Ahmad Pervaiz’s views regarding Prophetic traditions. Being a pupil of Sadr-ul-Afazal, he pondered over the Our’anic verses and completed his famous exegesis of the Holy Qur’an entitled “Zia-ul-Qur’an” in Urdu language in five volumes in 19 years. His Urdu translation “Jamal-ul-Qur’an” has also been separately published. He wrote detailed biography of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) entitled “Zia-un-Nabi” in seven volumes. -His lectures and articles have been published under the title “Maqalat Zia-ul-Ummat’ in two volumes and speeches delivered by him to the prisoners of Sargodha jail have been published by Gul Muharnmad Faizi in “Abr-e-Karam” He also translated Waza’if of Silsilah Chishtia and Dala’il al-Khayrat into Urdu language. He started a monthly journal “Zia-e-Haram” in 1970 and remained Editor-in-Chief of this journal for about 28 years. The editorial was written by himself under the title “Sirr-e-Dilbaran” that was specially admired by its readers.

Leave a Reply